The hazards of electroshock and psychosurgery
Electroshock (ECT) and lobotomy (psychosurgery) exemplify the tendency of psychiatric practitioners to inflict brain damage on patients in the name of “treatment.” 

Many people are surprised to learn that shock treatment is still widely used in the United States.  The subject is covered in a special section on the website but the most up-to-date and thorough discussion of ECT available is contained in an entire chapter on the subject in Brain-Disabling Treatments in Psychiatry (2008).

Some psychosurgical experiments continue in the United States but most were stopped as a result of lengthy, arduous campaign conducted by Dr. Breggin in the early 1970s.  This website contains the most information available on Dr. Breggin’s anti-psychosurgery campaign, including many of his articles.




Most psychiatric drugs can cause withdrawal reactions, sometimes including life-threatening emotional and physical withdrawal problems. In short, it is not only dangerous to start taking psychiatric drugs, it can also be dangerous to stop them. Withdrawal from psychiatric drugs should be done carefully under experienced clinical supervision. Methods for safely withdrawing from psychiatric drugs are discussed in Dr. Breggin's new book, Psychiatric Drug Withdrawal: A Guide for Prescribers, Therapists, Patients, and Their Families.